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NPC - National Petroleum Council

United States

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The National Petroleum Council (NPC), a federally chartered and privately funded advisory committee, was established by the Secretary of the Interior in 1946 at the request of President Harry S Truman.  In 1977, the U.S. Department of Energy was established and the NPC’s functions were transferred to the new Department.  The purpose of the NPC is solely to advise, inform, and make recommendations to the Secretary of Energy with respect to any matter relating to oil and natural gas or to the oil and gas industries submitted to it or approved by the Secretary.  The NPC does not concern itself with trade practices, nor does it engage in any of the usual trade association activities.

The NPC is chartered by the Secretary of Energy under the provisions of the Federal Advisory Committee Act of 1972.  The Council membership of approximately 200 persons is selected and appointed by the Secretary of Energy.  Individual members serve without compensation as representatives of their industry or associated interests as a whole, not as representatives of their particular companies or affiliations.

Since its formation in 1946, the Council has prepared over 200 reports, which deal with virtually every aspect of oil and gas operations.  NPC reports include: examinations of the ongoing and future operations and requirements of the U.S. oil and gas industries; statistical studies descriptive of these industries; delineations of the U.S. oil and gas resource base; and comprehensive analyses of the domestic energy supply/demand situation.  On numerous occasions, the Council has provided advice on governmental response to emergency situations, both prospective and actual.  Other studies have focused on environmental and energy conservation, technology, and legal issues.